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WG 2 Silviculture

Ecology and silvicultural management


Nicolescu Valeriu Norocel   Özel Halil Baris
V.Norocel NICOLESCU  Halil Barış ÖZEL
Leader WG 2   Vice leader WG 2


To better understand the existing coppice forests ecosystems, scientific and traditional knowledge and findings about the ecology of this specific type of management were collected and documented. Coppice forests are characterized by relatively fast changing light and competition regime making them very different from traditional (high) forests. Species and species composition, water and nutrient balance including carbon sequestration, light and competition and the ability of re-sprouting are specific ecological features that were explored.
Furthermore, information on growth and yield for different types of coppice forests were collected and documented. Special attention was given to overmature coppice forests and the possibilities to revitalize these “old” coppice forests. Also possibilities of adding value by introducing fast growing valuable species (standard trees) were in the focus of this Work Package.
WG 2 also established contacts and interactions with experts on “modern” short rotation coppice (SRC) to explore common features and interest. 






Related literatur

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• Benetka V, Novotná K, Štochlová P. 2012. Wild populations as a source of germplasm for black poplar (Populus nigra L.) breeding programmes. Tree Genetics and Genomes 8(5): 1073–1084.
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• Weger J, Bubeník J. 2011. Hodnocení produkce biomasy topolů a vrb na Lochočické výsypce po 15 letech výmladkového pěstování. Acta Pruhoniciana 99: 73–83. Evaluation of biomass production of poplars and willows on Lochocice spoiler heap-mine after 15 years of coppicing. (
• Weger J, Bubeník J. 2012. Produkce biomasy nových klonů vrb a topolů po šesti letech pěstování na zemědělské půdě v tříletém obmýtí. Acta Pruhoniciana 100: 51–62. Biomass production of new willow and poplar clones grown on agricultural soil in a three-year rotation after six years. (
• Weger J, Bubeník J. 2012. Výsledky sledování vybraných půdních charakteristik v pokusech rychle rostoucích dřevin testovaných pro energetické využití. Acta Pruhoniciana 102: 31–40. Observation results of selected soil characteristics in experimental plantations of fast-growing trees tested for energy utilization. (
• Weger J, Havlíčková K. 2002. The first results of the selection of woody species for short rotation coppices in the transitional oceanic-continental climate of the Czech Republic. – In: World renewable energy congress IX. Book of Abstracts, 21.–25. 8. 2006, Florence, Italy. Elsevier, Amsterodam, 107-110 p.
• Weger J, Havlíčková K. 2009. The Evaluation of selected willow and poplar clones for short rotation coppice (SRC) after three harvests. In Proceedings of the 17th European Biomass Conference & Exhibition, 29.6.-3.7., Hamburg, 2009, ETA Florence. 227-230 p.
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• Weger J. 2008. Výnos vybraných klonů vrb a topolů po 9 letech výmladkového pěstování. Acta Pruhoniciana 89: 5–10. Yield of selected poplar and willow clones after 9 years of coppicing. (
• Weger J. 2009. Hodnocení vlivu délky sklizňového cyklu výmladkové plantáže na produkční a růstové charakteristiky topolového klonu Max-4 (Populus nigra L. × P. maximowiczii Henry). Acta Pruhoniciana 92: 5–11. The evaluation of the influence of a rotation length of short rotation coppice on production and growth characteristics of poplar clone MAX-4 (Populus nigra L. × P. maximowiczii Henry) (
• Weger J, Bubeník J, Dubský M. 2010. Hodnocení vlivu hnojení na růst a výnos klonů vrb a topolů v prvních čtyřech letech pěstování. Acta Pruhoniciana 94: 13–20. Evaluation of influence of fertilization on growth and yield of willow and poplar clones in first four years. (
• Weger J, Bubenik J, Havlíčková K. 2010. Poplar and willow mixed plantations for sustainable biomass production – In: Proceedings of the 18th European Biomass Conference & Exhibition, 3-7 May 2010, Lyon, ETA-Florence Renewable Energies, Florence, pp. 473-476.
• Weger J, Havlíčková K, Bubeník J. 2011. Results of testing of native willows and poplars for short rotation coppice after three harvests – Aspects of Applied Biology 112, Biomass and Energy Crops IV, pp. 335-340
• Weger J, Šír M, Syrovátka O. 2004. Landscape functions of short rotation coppices (SRC) and possibilities for sustainable land management. 2nd World Conference Biomass for Energy, Industry and Climate Protection, Rome, ETA Florence, Florence; WIP-Munich, Munich, p. 265–267
• Weger J, Vávrová K, Kašparová L, Bubeník J, Komárek A. 2013: The influence of rotation length on the biomass production and diversity of ground beetles (Carabidae) in poplar short rotation coppice. Biomass and Bioenergy 54: 284–292.
• Weger J, Vosátka M, Bubeník J. 2013. Hodnocení produkčních charakteristik topolů a vrb v polním pokusu s aplikací mykorhizního preparátu. Acta Pruhoniciana 103: 83–90. Evaluation of poplar and willow yield characteristics with mykorhiza inoculation in field experiment. (
  From Finland
• Hytönen J, Aro L. 2013. Puutuhkalannoitus lisää koivikon biomassatuotosta suonpohjalla. Pro Terra 61: 55-56. (Wood ash fertilization increases biomass production of birch on cut-away peatland).
• Hytönen J, Aro L. 2012. Koivikon biomassatuotos ja ravinnetalous suonpohjalla: 37 vuoden tuloksia. Metsätieteen aikakauskirja 3/2012: 224-226. (Biomass production and nutrition of birch on cut-away peatland: 37-year results).
• Saksa T, Hynynen J, Hytönen J, Niemistö P. 2012. Metsäbiomassan lisääntyvä käyttö muuttaa metsänhoitoa. Metlan työraportteja / Working Papers of the Finnish Forest Research Institute 240: 83-96. (Increased utilization of forest biomass changes silviculture).
• Heino E, Hytönen J. 2005. Suomalainen pajukirjallisuus. Finnish bibliography on willow. Working papers of the Finnish Forest Research Institute. 38 s.

From Romania
• Nicolescu VN. 2014. Silvicultura II. Silvotehnica (chapters „Low coppice”, ”Coppice with standards”, and ”Pollarding”). Editura Aldus, Brasov, 289 p.

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